Wednesday, 20 June, 2018

Just 1 Cigarette can trigger smoking addiction, says study

Oliver Helbig  Eye Em via Getty Images Oliver Helbig Eye Em via Getty Images
Johnnie Parks | 11 January, 2018, 03:14

He also stated that this is the first time where the link between trying the first cigarette and becoming a regular smoker presented in a large data set.

The findings, which were based on responses from over 215,000 survey respondents, provide strong support for prioritizing efforts to decrease cigarette experimentation among adolescents.

Around two-thirds of people who try even just one cigarette end up smoking at least daily, analysis of smoking data from the UK, United States, Australia and New Zealand has found.

But he said the United Kingdom was seeing a "dramatic reduction in smoking", with only 19 per cent of 11 to 15-yearolds having tried it.

"In the development of any addictive behavior, the move from experimentation to daily practice is an important landmark, as it implies that a recreational activity is turning into a compulsive need", he said in a statement.

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It was shown that 60.3 percent of respondents had ever tried a cigarette, with an estimated 68.9 percent of these progressing to daily smoking. The researchers note that, The different surveys used different methodologies and yielded different results, so the estimated 68.9 percent "conversion rate" from experimentation to daily smoking has a margin of error (between 60.9 and 76.9 percent).

The research team also noted that it's possible current smokers were less likely to take part in this survey than non or past smokers: A great part of the homeless population smokes and people with mental health problems, who are less likely to answer surveys. As per the new research, those who consume one cigarette daily can develop a habit of chain smokers, and it can happen with more than two-thirds of people who use one cigarette in a day.

The latest research, published in Nicotine & Tobacco Research, sought to identify the proportion of smokers' "conversion rate" - how many people start smoking daily after trying cigarettes once. "The presence of nicotine is clearly not the whole story", Hajek said.

Based on survey results from 4 different countries - including the United Kingdom - the findings highlight how addictive tobacco cigarettes are, and the importance of ensuring that stop smoking services are made available to help people quit. In 2010 nearly 20% of people smoke in the United Kingdom, and in 2017 that number shrunk to 19.3%.

Good news is in both the USA and England, the rate of first time smoking among young people is on a decline.

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